Venezuela – A beautiful nation with ample biodiversity is located on the northern coast of the South American continent. It has a tropical and a little bit humid climate. Mother Nature has blessed this country with lush green forest and heavenly climate all round the year. During the third voyage to the Americas, the renowned sailor Christopher Columbus first landed on the Gulf of Paria which is located in Venezuela. He assumed that he has landed his foot on an island opposite to Trinidad. But later on, he realized that this was certainly larger than an island which turned out to be a humongous chunk of land. He phrased this new found land as the ‘Land of Grace’ because of the presence of a plethora of species of plants and animals. In the same expedition, he discovered the ‘Pearl Islands’ which are located on Venezuela’s north-eastern coastline.
History of Venezuela
Before its discovery by the sailors, Venezuela was largely inhabited by the local tribes such as Kalina, – Cuicas, Mariche, and many more. According to the reports, these tribes had a total population of about a million. Christopher Columbus is said to be the first sailor who saw this country and kept his foot on the Venezuelan soil. Columbus was an Italian sailor and explorer who is well known for the discoveries of major countries such as Venezuela and nearby areas which were called the ‘new world’. Although Leif Erikson had the sight of North America first, Christopher Columbus is credited with the discoveries of the sea routes which lead to the land of America.
It is said that he accidentally landed there on an expedition to find the route of Asia. After this, Spain led many expeditions on this land. And the second expedition of Spain led by the sailor Alonso de Ojeda coined the name ‘Venezuela’ (which is translated as little Venice from Spanish) after landing upon the Gulf of Venezuela. These expeditions led to Spanish establishments and eventually ended up with the colonization of Venezuela. Venezuela is considered one of the most valuable resources of oil, steel, cement, and aluminum. It has one of the largest reserves of oil in the world making it considerably rich in its derived resources such as petroleum. Before this, Venezuela was a major exporter of indigenous resources such as coffee and cocoa.
Tourist attractions in Venezuela
Keeping asides the economical aspects, Venezuela is a good spot for tourists as it has a very rich and diversified flora and fauna.
- Venezuela is the adobe of some of the world’s most habited sanctuaries and reserves.
- Major tourist attractions in Venezuela are the Angel Falls, National Parks such as Canaima, Mochima, Morrocoy and El Avita, Playa El Agua, Playa El Yaque.
- The perfect geographical location, the rich culture developed by the tribal people, forest-covered area, and the environment make it ‘Land of Grace’ as quoted by Columbus.