Home to The Andes and The Amazon rainforest, Peru is a country situated on the Western side of the South African continent, bordered by Ecuador and Columbia to the north, Brazil, and Bolivia to the east and Chile to the south. The climate varies from tropical in the east to dry desert in the West. The capital observes an average temperature of 24°C in its hottest month of February and the coldest in August at 17°C The limitless diversity among the multi-ethnic people and the uncommon wildlife is rarely seen within the realm of a single country.
The History of Peru
It wasn’t until 1524 when Spanish Francisco Pizarro accompanied by Diego de Almagro and Hernando de Luque put forth their feet for exploration that later led to the conquest of Peru. From 1524 to 1526, smallpox spread throughout the Inca Empire leading to the death of the Inca ruler Huayna Capac and most of his kin. Fall of the Incan political structure set ablaze war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huascar. Finding the situation interesting, Pizarro met the Governor of Panama who discarded the orders of the expedition on the pretext of preventing loss of life. Pizarro opposed the status of the Governor and decided to meet the emperor Charles I for permission to head-on the conquest.
In July 1529 he was made the governor and captain-general of the province of New Castile south of Panama. Almagro was furious for Pizarro being invested with so much power. Pizarro embarked for Peru in 1530 and established a base at San Miguel de Piura. On Nov 16, 1532, in a surprise attack, Inca Atahualpa was captured. When Inca Huascar was killed, Atahualpa was tried and convicted for his murder by the Spanish and was lastly executed through strangulation. In Nov 1533 Manco Inca Yupanqui was set as the new puppet ruler. The city of Lima was founded as the capital in 1535.
With the turn of the 21st century, Peru reached Political and economical stability. It is a country of history, beauty, and adventures that attracts a large no of tourists.
- Machu Picchu here is the top destination.
- Inca Trails is one of the most famous hikes in the world and runs for around 26 miles through the Andes Mountains connecting the town of Aguas Caliente with Machu Picchu.
- The highest navigable lake of Titicaca, the mysterious forest of the Amazon, the baffling Nazca lines, and the Ancient ruins in the Sacred Valley are some other yet unique destinations on the continent.