Home to the world’s largest navigable lake filled with peerless natural beauty, Bolivia is located at the heart of South America. While sharing control over Lake Titicaca with Peru, Bolivia is bordered by Brazil, Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Paraguay. The climate varies as you go from east to west. In the summers, the capital faces an average temperature of 9°C with November being the hottest month. In winters, an average temperature of 5°C with June being the coldest month is observed.
History of Bolivia
Bolivia was the home for the most ancient civilizations of the world dating as long as about 8000BC. The city of Tiwanaku was founded around 2000 years ago when the Aymara people settled in western Bolivia. The ancient city faded after 950AD following a massive shift in the climate leading to complete disappearance in 1150AD. In the 15th century, the area is ruled by 12 groups that came under the expansion of The Inca Empire. With the turn of the 16th century, Spaniards toppled the rule of Incas and founded the cities of Chuquisaca, LaPaz, Cochabamba, and Oruro. The discovery of silver at Potosi around 1545 pushed the natives to be used as forced labor who later died there.
With the course of time, the natives became resentful and began the first Rebellion in 1780 under Tomas Catari. Many revolts followed but because the Indians were not united, by 1782 the Great Rebellion was squashed. As Napoleon’s invasion of Spain hammered Spanish authorities another Rebellion began in 1809 which later led to the independence of LaPaz, after that the Rebellion was unceasing. Bolivia declared its independence on 6 August 1825 and the nation took up the name after Simon Bolivar the leader of the independence movement.
One of the most secluded and marvelous travel destinations, Bolivia is a country like none other. Home to the highest capital city in the world, it offers magnificent landscapes and extreme adventures.
- Salar de Uyuni, the highest and the largest salt flat in the world is a wonder like no other. This 4000 square miles of salt flat is situated near the crest of the Andes at an elevation of around 12000 ft.
- Sucre or the “City of Four Names” offers travelers a glimpse of the period of aristocratic Spain in the 16th century. The city is a goldmine of unexplored treasures and cultural activity.
- Copacabana is a destination that you can’t miss. The peaceful and charming town is situated next to Lake Titicaca and is the most beautiful and treasured landmark.
- Tiwanaku is a pre-Columbian archaeological site that was the birthplace of the most ancient civilization of the world. Being one of the oldest and highest urban cities ever built, this city still stays to be an enigma covered with the mystery of how and by whom it was created.