Agra is situated on the banks of Yamuna River between Mathura and Surajpur in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The fort of Agra used to be the royal fort of the Mughal Empire in history. This fort is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is situated only 1.5 kilometers away from the famous Taj Mahal of Agra. This fort is often known as the city of walls.
Mughal emperor Babur made Agra the capital in 1526. After this, it was the capital of the Mughal Empire till 1658. The Mughal rulers were very interested in construction. This is why many excellent constructions can be seen in Agra. In that period, every king made grand towers to do better than their ancestors.
Historical monuments and buildings are the main attractions of Agra. In addition to the Taj Mahal, you can also visit the fort of Agra and the tomb of Akbar on the banks of river Yamuna. When we visit the Chinese Roja, Diwan-i-am and the Diwan-i-khas, we come to know about the nuances of the Mughal regime. Apart from this, the tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula, the tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, Jaswant’s umbrella, the sixty-four pillars and the Taj Museum can be a good experience.
Agra’s climate is extreme. In summers it is very hot and it is cold in winter. During the summer (April to July), the temperature reaches to 46° C and the temperature in winter is amidst 22 to 5 degrees C. There is heavy rainfall in the monsoon season from July to September in the city.
Best places to visit in Agra
- Agra Fort: It is one of the strongest strongholds of the famous Mughals famous for the number of buildings decorated on a large scale in the art and architecture of the Mughals.
- Taj Mahal: It is India’s most famous and most visited monument which is known for its superb beauty. It is one of the seven miracles of the World, known for its beautiful construction and complex design, which excites and excites tourists who come here from many parts of the world.
- Fatehpur Sikri: This magnificent fort was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar and is famous for its construction and decoration.
- Jama Masjid: This is one of the largest mosque in all over India. The Mosque where Muslims come to pray. Tower are called minarets where people climbed up to call the Muslims to pray. and on Friday there can be over 20 thousand people here.
If you want to see the true colors of India, then go to Agra during any festival.